19th Century Bobbin Lace
   Straight Bar Grounded Lace
Antique Bobbin Lace

   © Lorelei Halley 2009 

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Whether a particular lace is a 19th century example, actually made in the 19th century, or whether it classifies as "Revival Era", is sometimes hard to know with any certainty.  All the point ground laces dominated in the 19th century, and  Cluny and Bedfordshire began in the 19th century. And all of these continued to be made into the 20th.  The point ground laces are a direct outgrowth of very late 18th century and Napoleonic era straight laces.  Cluny actually began in the early middle 19th century as an attempt to design pieces reminiscent of the laces in the Cluny museum, which were 16th and 17th century Genoese braid based laces.  Maltese also was invented in the 19th century, also based on Cluny museum laces, in an attempt to create laces fast to make and so provide an income for the women of Malta.  Bedfordshire, actually Bedfordshire-Maltese, was a direct outgrowth of a great international exhibition in about 1850, where the new Maltese laces were on display.  So I suppose all of these can be called 19th century.  Some of my actual examples may have been made during the early 20th century.  It is impossible to be sure. 

It is the complex mesh grounded laces, Flanders, Binche, and Paris, which were a part of the Revival Era recreation of those older forms.  I suppose the difference is one of time.  Cluny, Maltese and Bedfordshire were resurrected out of Genoese fairly early in the 19th century (the middle years); while Flanders, Binche, Paris and Revival Mechlin were only resurrected very late, at the turn of the century.  Valenciennes continued to be made throughout the 19th century, and the square ground was invented during this time.


Guipure (Bar/Braid) Grounded Straight Laces:

Continental Floral Guipure (Probably Germany, Sweden or Denmark):

There are 17th century Antwerp laces which have floral motifs and a braided ground.  These below are, perhaps, a continuation of that tradition.

continental guipure continental floral guipure bobbin lace floral guipure bobbin lace
533 it 284 jl 284 336 bh 137 bn I am not absolutely sure this is a straight lace.  I can't remember and the photo isn't detailed enough.


continental floral guipure  
86 ds 136 lh   340 bh  


LePuy Guipure (French):                                                      *

The cloth trails in LePuy guipure are woven in a manner reminiscent of that element when it appears  in old Genoese laces of the 16th and 17th centuries. 

LePuy bobbin lace LePuy guipure bobbin lace
206 lh   388 lh   406 don

Maltese:                                                     *

Maltese lace Maltese bobbin lace Maltese bobbin lace
550 it 549 it 552 it 551 it 415 jp


Maltese bobbin lace    
414 jp        


144 cs 145 cw 704 lh    


Bedfordshire:                                                       bkmk   *

Bedfordshire bobbin lace Bedfordshire lace  
34 ek      

         See also   Bedfordshire by Living Lacemakers 

Bedfordshire bobbin lace Bedfordshire bobbin lace    
786 it   143 lh    
Thomas Lester lace Thomas Lester Bedfordshire bobbin lace    
63 bn This may be  a Thomas Lester      

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      Abbreviations    Lace Terminology      

Bobbin Lace History and Identification pages:

  Site Map
 Lace Terminology
  Bobbin 2 structural classes 
  Bobbin lace history overview 
  Bobbinlace 1559-1700
  18th c Bobbin Lace   
  Napoleonic era
  19th c Straight Mesh Lace
 19th c Straight Bar Lace
 19th c Part Lace
  Revival Era Straight Lace
 Revival Era Part Lace  

 New Revival Era

  1559 to 1700        18th century       Napoleonic Era       19thc straight mesh       19th c part lace

  revival era part lace       revival era straight lace       new revival era laces   

Revised 8/16/2010           Last edited:   08/28/14