19th Century Bobbin Lace
Straight Bar Grounded Lace
Antique Bobbin Lace
© Lorelei Halley 2009
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Whether a particular lace is a 19th century example, actually made in the 19th century, or whether it classifies as "Revival Era", is sometimes hard to know with any certainty. All the point ground laces dominated in the 19th century, and Cluny and Bedfordshire began in the 19th century. And all of these continued to be made into the 20th. The point ground laces are a direct outgrowth of very late 18th century and Napoleonic era straight laces. Cluny actually began in the early middle 19th century as an attempt to design pieces reminiscent of the laces in the Cluny museum, which were 16th and 17th century Genoese braid based laces. Maltese also was invented in the 19th century, also based on Cluny museum laces, in an attempt to create laces fast to make and so provide an income for the women of Malta. Bedfordshire, actually Bedfordshire-Maltese, was a direct outgrowth of a great international exhibition in about 1850, where the new Maltese laces were on display. So I suppose all of these can be called 19th century. Some of my actual examples may have been made during the early 20th century. It is impossible to be sure.
It is the complex mesh grounded laces, Flanders, Binche, and Paris, which were a part of the Revival Era recreation of those older forms. I suppose the difference is one of time. Cluny, Maltese and Bedfordshire were resurrected out of Genoese fairly early in the 19th century (the middle years); while Flanders, Binche, Paris and Revival Mechlin were only resurrected very late, at the turn of the century. Valenciennes continued to be made throughout the 19th century, and the square ground was invented during this time.
Guipure (Bar/Braid) Grounded Straight Laces:
Continental Floral Guipure (Probably Germany, Sweden or Denmark):
There are 17th century Antwerp laces which have floral motifs and a braided ground. These below are, perhaps, a continuation of that tradition.
|533 it||284 jl||284||336 bh||137 bn I am not absolutely sure this is a straight lace. I can't remember and the photo isn't detailed enough.|
|86 ds||136 lh||340 bh|
LePuy Guipure (French): *
The cloth trails in LePuy guipure are woven in a manner reminiscent of that element when it appears in old Genoese laces of the 16th and 17th centuries.
|206 lh||388 lh||406 don|
|550 it||549 it||552 it||551 it||415 jp|
|144 cs||145 cw||704 lh|
Bedfordshire: bkmk *
See also Bedfordshire by Living Lacemakers
|786 it||143 lh|
|63 bn||This may be a Thomas Lester|
Abbreviations Lace Terminology
Bobbin Lace History and Identification pages:
| Site Map
Bobbin 2 structural classes
Bobbin lace history overview
| Bobbinlace 1559-1700
18th c Bobbin Lace
| 19th c Straight
19th c Straight Bar Lace
19th c Part Lace
| Revival Era
Revival Era Part Lace
New Revival Era
1559 to 1700 18th century Napoleonic Era 19thc straight mesh 19th c part lace
revival era part lace revival era straight lace new revival era laces
Revised 8/16/2010 Last edited: 08/28/14